Mental Health Therapies We Can Offer
Therapy is an inclusive label for all forms of treatment for disease or disorder.
At The British CBT & Counselling Service we offer a range of psychological therapies including Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).
There are over five hundred different types of psychological therapies or talking therapies currently available and new treatments are continuously developing as a result of innovative psychological research.
A very small number of therapies have actually been proven in scientific studies to be effective but the majority have not. Below is a list of the most notable therapies and the evidence that supports them. You can click on each therapy below to find out more about who the therapy is for and how it works.
We offer Face to Face Counselling, Online/Skype Counselling and Telephone Counselling.
If you are unsure if therapy is right for you or have any questions then please call us on 0800 002 9068.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is one of the ‘new wave’ CBT therapies. It combines aspects of traditional CBT with a range of other psychological techniques including: acceptance, mindfulness, commitment and behavioural change.
Behavioural Therapy can help to reduce unhelpful or self-destructive behaviours such as Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Fears, Phobias, Addiction, Anxiety and is also used to help those with chronic pain. Behavioural Therapy is based on the view that all behaviour is learnt and can therefore be unlearnt. It is a relatively practical therapy in which you learn a set of techniques or strategies that when practiced and regularly implemented will enable you to replace your unhelpful behaviours with helpful ones.
Teenagers face many challenges, not only must they adapt to significant physical changes in their bodies but also to the increasing demands and expectations of society. This makes adolescence and early adulthood a common time for the emergence of mental health problems including anxiety, depression, eating disorders and obsessive compulsive disorder.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) looks at how our thoughts influence the way that we feel and what we do. It then helps us to identify thoughts that are inaccurate and/or unhelpful and causing us distress or resulting in problematic behaviours and replace them with thoughts that lead to an improvement in mood and the development of behaviours that get us to where we want to be.
Like Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Cognitive Therapy works on the premise that the how we think dictates how we feel and what we do. So, if we are feeling and behaving in ways that are causing us distress the solution is to look at the accuracy and helpfulness of our thoughts and make adjustments here if appropriate.
Cognitive Analytical Therapy is a short term therapy, averaging 16-24 therapy sessions. CAT combines elements of cognitive therapry (e.g CBT) with psychoanalytic therapy.
CEBT combines aspects of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT) and is frequently used as a ‘pre-treatment’ to prepare individuals for the often emotionally challenging experience of therapy.
DBT combines traditional Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) techniques with a range of other strategies aimed at enabling individuals to manage high levels of emotions (e.g. self-acceptance and nurturing, mindfulness meditation and distress tolerance) and improving interpersonal effectiveness (e.g. communication and assertiveness training).
Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing Therapy (EMDR) is predominantly used to help people suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). EMDR is a therapy that was developed initially for the treatment of trauma and combines exposure based therapy with a back and forwards movement of the eyes induced by the therapists moving finger.
Existential Therapy is a Humanistic Therapy which focuses on the philosophical doctrine of existentialism. In practice the therapist supports the patient to make sense of life whilst promoting the existentialist belief that life has no essential or predetermined meaning and the individual is entirely free and ultimately responsible, so meaning has to be found or created. The therapist supports the patient to live more authentically and purposefully whilst accepting the limitations of being human and focusing on the “here and now”.
Family dynamics have a pivotal role to play in the problems of individual family members and to collective family unhappiness and distress. Often is it not sufficient to just focus on the individual member of a family (e.g. the child or adolescent) who is overtly struggling with a particular emotion (anxiety, depression) or behavioural problem (bed wetting, child refusing to go to school). Instead of seeing the individual’s symptoms as an expression of an internal conflict it can be more useful to see it as serving a function in balancing or unbalancing relationships within the family.
Gestalt Therapy is a Humanistic Therapy that is based loosely on the Gestalt concepts of unity and wholeness. Gestalt Therapy is usually conducted in groups and focuses on a person’s past experiences, memories, emotional states and bodily sensations to broaden self-awareness and personal responsibility.
Group therapy is an umbrella term that describes any therapy in which groups of individuals meet together with a therapist. The interactions among the members of the group are assumed to be therapeutic with individuals achieving benefit from peer support and gaining strength as they share their feelings and experience with others who are facing the same obstacles as themselves.
Humanistic Therapies are a group of therapies in which the therapist’s main goal is to help the individual recognise their strengths by offering a non-judgemental, understanding experience.
Hypnotherapy is a general term for any therapy that makes use of hypnosis and is usually used in conjunction with another therapy.
Integrative therapy describes an approach to therapy that combines different therapeutic techniques to create an individualised treatment programme. Instead of using an off-the-shelf protocol, integrative therapists use the principles of a variety of different therapies to tailor an approach that is specific to an individual patient’s needs.
IPT focuses on how we interact in our relationships. It aims to reduce psychological distress by improving the way we interact with others and enabling us to get our needs met in our relationships. Therapists work with their patients to understand their current and past relationships and any interpersonal difficulties. They then teach patients a range of techniques in order to tackles these difficulties and facilitate a resolution.
Jungian therapists aim to help individuals bring their unconscious and conscious together to help them to overcome psychological difficulties and enable self-awareness and self-actualisation. Key to this is discovering the root cause and motive related to the person’s difficulties. Strategies are then learnt to correct potentially maladaptive behavioural patterns.
Couples Counselling is for couples wanting to resolve their difficulties, improve their relationship and recapture what existed between them when they first met.
Mindfulness Based CBT is part of the ‘new wave’ or ‘third wave’ of cognitive-behavioural therapies. This approach combines traditional CBT with the Eastern Buddhist principles of mindfulness and meditation.
Person-centred therapy, also referred to as client-centred therapy, is a humanistic approach to therapy with which a therapist seeks to understand a client’s personal experiences, thoughts and feelings.
Therapists use Play Therapy as a tool to bring about a better understanding of the child’s inner experiences and to help young children make sense of difficult emotions, feelings and behaviours.
Psychodynamic Therapy helps people to understand how past experiences and relationships (in particular those with their parents) influences their day to day thoughts, choices, feelings and behaviours.
Psychoanalysis Therapy was founded by Sigmund Freud and is the based on the idea that distress can be reduced by making unconscious thoughts and motivations conscious.
Psychosexual therapists create an environment free of judgement, in which individuals are encouraged to speak openly about personal sexual experiences, thoughts and behaviours.
Psychosynthesis Therapy is usually offered to people who want to understand their psychological problems in a spiritual framework.
Reality Therapy focuses on the present and helping people to make better decisions in order to meet their goals. More specifically therapists help people to change negative thoughts and behaviours in order to change the way they feel.
Schema Focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is an extended version of traditional Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). Traditional CBT focuses principally on resolving current symptoms and their day to day triggers.
Solution Focused Therapy is a time-limited approach that focuses on finding solutions to current problems. Therapists help people to identify and utilise their strengths in order to build solutions with a rigorous focus on what can be achieved and not on what can’t.
Systemic or family therapy works on the idea that our family relationships play a huge part in our emotional and mental wellbeing. Systemic therapists explore any pressure or stress that is effecting the family and then teaches members strategies to help them understand one another and communicate better.
Transactional Analysis is based on the theory that we have three different parts of our personality: the parent, adult and child and our mental health and wellbeing is dependent on our ability to move between these effectively. Transactional Analysis explores which of these parts we use most often and how this can be changed to enhance our relationships.
Transpersonal Therapy aims to help people reach their full potential by exploring a person’s spiritual and psychological needs. Key to this approach is focusing on the health of an individual’s ‘spirit’, therefore, specific techniques are taught in order to enhance a person’s self-realisation, self-actualisation and understanding of life.